This is just a list of a bunch of videos and a few papers related tot he topic of moderne economic growth.
For a long time, the Industrial Revolution was the central concern of economic history. Economic historians attempted to explain why the people in England began to develop new sources of power (the steam engine) and ways to replace human effort with mechanical effort, like the spinning jenny. Marxists, and later institutional economic historians, tended to look earlier for the key changes.
A good place to start is the work of Nicholas Crafts and Robert Allen on the Industrial Revolution
Nicholas Crafts Industrialization: Why Britain Got There First
Robert Allen Why was the Industrial Revolution British?
Recently, several historians have challenged the evidence of high wages in England, an important element of Allen’s argument
In these videos Jane Humphries presents one of these challenges and, in doing so, provides a great description of an economic historian’s use of primary sources.
Marxist’s have longargued that the important transition(from feudalism to capitalism) took place before the Industrial Revolution, but they argued with each other about the nature of that transition. See the Dobb-Sweezy Debate and, later, the Brenner Debate (with worlds systems theorists). Unfortunately, I don’t have any good videos on this topic.
Institutionalist, like Doug North (a former Marxist), have also looked for a transformation before the IR.
And after Kenneth Pomeranz published the Great Divergence, many economic historians began to try to identify more precisely when, where and why modern economic growth began.
Stephen Broadberry has done interesting work in terms of both measurement and explanation
The quality of this video is not particularly good Accounting for Divergence but the paper it is based on is very readable.
Professor Osamu Saito Growth and Inequality in the Great Divergence Debate: Mughal India, Stuart England and Tokugawa Japan Compared
Professor Bruce Campbell "The Great Transition: Climate, Disease and Society in the 13th and 14th Centuries"
Economic historians now have to explain both The Great Divergence, between East and West, but also little divergences within Europe and Asia.
So what explains these divergences. Two popular answers are institutions and ideas. A lot of these arguments are really matters of emphasis. Most of the people listed below are interested in both.
Despite what Deirdre McCloskey might tell you, I can assure you that Doug thought that ideas and beliefs matter. The first two books I remember him telling me I had to read were Berger and Luckmann’s Social Construction of Reality and Alan MacFarlane’s Origins of English Individualism.
Sometimes it is not too clear what the difference between ideas and institutions are. Nevertheless, some emphasize one while others emphasize the other.
So here are some videos emphasizing the role of institutions
Douglass North The Natural State
Mark Koyama Jewish Communities and European City Growth
Eric Chaney The Medieval Origins of Comparative European Development: Evidence form the Basque Country
Here are some emphasizing the role of ideas
Joel Mokyr Culture of Growth
Deirdre McCloskey Bourgeois Equality: How Ideas, Not Capital, Enriched the World
Anton Howes on the Ideology of Innovation from about 15:00 to 35:00
If those don’t work for you maybe you want to consider this
Ashraf and Galor on genetic diversity and economic growth
Finally, you could just watch this entire course on World Economic History with Greg Clark